Hyperparathyroidism is the principle disease of the parathyroid glands and occurs when one of the parathyroids develops a tumor. However, parathyroid cancer and hypoparathyroidism are also categorized as parathyroid diseases. Parathyroid disease can be characterized by both benign (non cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) tumors. This is why it is important to seek the services of an ENT specialist if you are experiencing any of the symptoms we will go over below. A high level of expertise and experience is required in order to ensure the best treatment plan is in place, which we offer at our ENT clinics in Arlington, Dallas and Fort Worth.
Parathyroid glands are four small glands that are located behind the thyroid gland. These small glands are approximately the size of a kernel of corn and, in most cases, one is located near each corner of the thyroid. However, it is not unusual for some people to be missing a parathyroid gland or have an extra.
||There are several parathyroid disease types that you should be aware of and that my require the services of a qualified ENT doctor.
- Hyperparathyroidism – As mentioned hyperparathyroidism is the most common type of parathyroid disease and means that the parathyroid is producing too much parathyroid hormone. This hormone controls the levels of calcium and phosphorous in the blood, which are both extremely important. Hyperparathyroidism is caused by a benign tumor, or a adenoma. This can cause serious problems down the road, including osteoporosis and kidney stones.
- Parathyroid Cancer – This is an extremely rare form of cancer but is nonetheless important for patients to be aware of. This type of cancer often leads to hyperparathyroidism and it usually affects people in their 50s. Parathyroid cancer progresses quite slowly, but it is also known to come back after treatment.
- Hypoparathyroidism – This type of parathyroid disease is characterized by the body failing to produce enough of the parathyroid hormone and by a low level of calcium in the blood. It is oftentimes caused by neck surgery or damage to the parathyroid glands.
||Symptoms of parathyroid disease include:
- Loss of energy
- Lack of concentration
- Trouble sleeping
- Fatigued during the day
- High blood pressure
- Recurrent headaches
If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms or if you have reason to believe you may be suffering from parathyroid disease, it is important for you to contact our ENT clinics closest to your location in Arlington, Dallas and Fort Worth.